Georgia Bulletin

The Newspaper of the Catholic Archdiocese of Atlanta

CNS photo/Paul Haring
U.S. bishops pray at the tomb of St. Peter after concelebrating Mass in the crypt of St. Peter's Basilica at the Vatican Jan. 16. Bishops from Iowa, Kansas and Missouri were making their "ad limina" visits to the Vatican to report on the status of their dioceses to the pope and Vatican officials.

Vatican City

U.S. bishops taking ‘ad limina’ visits to Rome

By CINDY WOODEN, Catholic News Service | Published January 23, 2020

Atlanta’s bishops to make trip Feb. 7-15

VATICAN CITY (CNS)—The bishops of every diocese in the United States have prepared detailed reports on the life of the Catholic Church in their dioceses to take to the Vatican.

The U.S. bishops’ visits “ad limina apostolorum”—to the threshold of the apostles—began Nov. 4, 2019 with a group from Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, New Hampshire, Maine and Vermont.

Bishop Joel M. Konzen, SM, diocesan administrator for the Archdiocese of Atlanta, and Bishop Bernard E. Shlesinger III will join other bishops from the Southeast for their ad limina visits Feb. 7-15.

The visits to Rome should conclude Feb. 22 with the bishops of the Eastern Catholic churches in the United States.

The preparation of the reports and the scheduling of hour-long meetings at various offices of the Roman Curia can give the visits an appearance of being a business meeting.

But, as the “Directory for the ‘Ad Limina’ Visit” makes clear, the bishops’ visits are a pilgrimage with “a very definite purpose: that is, the strengthening of their own responsibility as successors of the Apostles and of their hierarchical communion with the Successor of Peter. The point of reference is a visit to the tombs of Sts. Peter and Paul, pastors and pillars of the Roman church.”

And, in fact, at the heart of the bishops’ pilgrimage are Masses at the Rome basilicas of St. Peter, St. Paul Outside the Walls, St. John Lateran and St. Mary Major.

For many bishops, the highlight is the meeting with the pope, but over the past 35 years, those meetings have changed significantly because of the increased number of bishops in the world.

Canon law calls for the visits to occur every five years. That hasn’t happened since early in the pontificate of St. John Paul II.

Just before Pope Benedict XVI stepped down in early 2013, the Vatican had announced that it took seven years, but he had hosted the ad limina visits of the heads of every diocese in the world.

A couple hours later, though, the bishops of the Netherlands pointed out that they hadn’t had their visits with Pope Benedict. In the end, they had to wait until December 2013 when they were among the first bishops to have an ad limina with Pope Francis.

The U.S. bishops’ last ad limina visits were eight years ago—in 2011-12.

According to the latest statistics released by the Vatican, there are now 3,017 dioceses, prelatures and vicariates around the world. When St. John Paul II was elected in 1978 there were 2,423.

St. John Paul would meet privately with each and every head of a diocese during the ad limina visits; he would invite groups of them to his morning Mass; and he would give a speech to each group.

Midway through his pontificate, Pope Benedict adopted a modified format, meeting with 7-10 bishops at a time instead of having individual encounters. He also cut down on the number of speeches he gave—for example, giving formal addresses to only five of the 15 groups of U.S. bishops in 2011-12.

The format changes have continued under Pope Francis. His regular practice now is to meet each group together—with sometimes 20 bishops sitting in a circle in the papal library—devoting between 90 minutes and two hours to a free-wheeling discussion.

According to bishops who have made their ad limina visits in the last year, Pope Francis tells the bishops they are free to comment about or ask him anything. Then, using a soccer metaphor, he tells them the ball is in play and whoever wants to kick things off can.

Editor’s Note: The Georgia Bulletin will publish a follow-up on the visit of Atlanta’s bishops to Rome.